The city of Petra, capital of the Nabataean Arabs, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. It is Located 240 km south of the capital Amman and 120 km north of the Red Sea town of Aqaba. Petra, the world’s wonder, is undoubtedly Jordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction, and it is visited by tourists from all over the world.
It is not known precisely when Petra was built, but the city began to prosper as the capital of the Nabataean Empire in the 1st century BC, which grew rich through trade in frankincense, myrrh, and spices.
Petra was later annexed to the Roman Empire and continued to thrive until a large earthquake in 363 AD destroyed much of the city in the 4th century AD.
The earthquake, combined with changes in trade routes, eventually led to the downfall of the city, which was ultimately abandoned. By the middle of the 7th century, Petra appears to have been largely deserted, and it was then lost to all except local Bedouin from the area.
In 1812, a Swiss explorer named Johannes Burckhardt set out to ‘rediscover’ Petra; he dressed up as an Arab and convinced his Bedouin guide to take him to the lost city. After this, Petra became increasingly known in the West as a fascinating and beautiful ancient city, and it began attracting visitors and continues to do so today.
Petra is also known as the rose-red city, a name it gets from the wonderful color of the rock from which many of the city’s structures were carved.
The Nabataeans buried their dead in intricate tombs that were cut out of the mountain sides, and the city also had temples, a theater, and, following the Roman annexation and later the Byzantine influence, a colonnaded street and churches.
In addition to the magnificent remains of the Nabataean city, human settlement and land use for over 10,000 years can be traced in Petra, where great natural, cultural, archaeological, and geological features merge.
On December 6, 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site. Petra was also chosen by Smithsonian Magazine as one of the 28 places you should visit them before you die.
Petra By Night
Complete your Petra experience with a visit to the Petra Night Show. This event is a magical way to see part of the rock city by candlelight and explore the old city, which has become a world wonder. The incomparable experience starts by walking the entire Siq to the Treasury, lit with over 1,500 candles to bring the major attraction due to the spectacular view it has.
Petra by Night runs every Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday of each week. It starts at 20:30 from the Petra Visitor Center and delivers you back by licensed guide to the Visitor Center around 22.30 p.m.
The Neolithic village of Beidha
It is thought to have been occupied from 7200 BC to 6500 BC, which makes it one of the first settled villages in human history. Around that time, the settlement burned down and was rebuilt. After its reconstruction,
It was only inhabited for a short while before being totally abandoned.
The remains of the houses and a retaining wall are still visible today.
They are remnants of one of the first transitions from semi-settled nomads to settled villagers and the start of an agrarian economy.
At the Beidha Neolithic Site, you can view scientific reconstructions of what the Neolithic dwellings may have looked like.
It was excavated in the 1950s and 1960s by Diane Kirkbride and is located within the protected area of the Petra Archaeological Park. This site holds one of the oldest settlements in Jordan.
During this period, hunters and gatherers lived seasonally in this fertile and sheltered area.
During the Neolithic period, between 8,330 and 7,000 B.C., a permanent village of farmers occupied Beidha and began the practice of agriculture and the herding of domesticated goats and sheep.
Many of the concepts and practices that we use today in agrarian societies started in small settlements such as these. The settlers lived in round houses that, although easy to construct, had a serious drawback: it was difficult to add a room to a round structure, and a struggle for a solution is visible.